A painting by the Estonian artist Amandus Adamson depicting Vlad III, the Impaler of  ‪Wallachia in modern day Romania receiving an Ottoman envoy.  Vlad the Impaler born in Transylvania, Romania who’s personality later inspired the creation of Count Dracula the vampire, is seen here arguing with the envoy sent by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II requesting him to pay the state’s annual tax to the Ottomans.

Vlad III refused and executed the messengers of Mehmed II by nailing their turbans to their heads since they refused to take them off in his presence.  Vlad III was known for his cruelty towards his own people and opponents, he dinned while watching executions and often executed his enemies in a cruel, slow and inhumane manner; and that’s how the legend of Count Dracula eventually developed.

After a series of internal unrest the Ottomans assassinated him, presumably in 1476.

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Jerusalem, 1916, WWI.  Enver Pasha (center) and Jamal Pasha (right) in a visit to the holy city.  Enver Pasha, Jamal Pasha and Mehmed Talaat Pasha (not pictured) all members of the Committee of Union and Progress party basically ran the Ottoman State’s affairs after the 1909 Young Turks coup that removed Sultan Abdul Hamid II from power; Sultan Mehmed Rashad V was installed with little to no powers.  Their control was interrupted for a short period of time when the Freedom and Accord Party ruled 1912 – 1913.  In the picture we can notice Enver Pasha looking very tensed and overwhelmed as the country was facing external challenges reflected in the military advancement of the allies and internal challenges with the uprising of various towns enticed by the allies who promised the Arabs an independent state from the Ottoman Sublime Porte.  To the far left of the picture we notice the Dome of the Rock and to the right hand-side Al-Aqsa Mosque are clearly visible.  Jerusalem remained under Ottoman control for almost 5 centuries from the time of Sultan Selim I in 1517 when he took it over from the Mamluks; the city was lost towards the end of WWI to Great Britain, after fierce battles with an estimate of 25,000 Ottoman and German soldiers killed.

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